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What is the cause of Varicose Veins, Varicose Eczema and Leg Ulcers?

Although surface varicose veins are pretty obvious, the cause of varicose veins is deeper under the skin. It is a problem called superficial venous reflux.

That is a defect in the one-way valves that keep blood flowing in the correct direction. Venous valves are delicate folds in the lining of the vein that open and close keeping blood flowing in the correct direction. In the legs, healthy vein valves direct blood from the foot upwards back towards the heart. When the one-way valves in the veins do not work properly, gravity can pull the blood downwards … Continue reading »

What Have My Ovaries Got To Do With My Leg Veins?

Recently, I treated Emma from Bristol who developed very large, uncomfortable varicose veins around her vulva and upper thigh during pregnancy. After she had her baby, the veins around her vulva disappeared but the veins in her thigh persisted and gradually got worse. Her duplex ultrasound scan showed that the veins in her thigh were filling from her ovaries.

She had a condition called “Ovarian Vein Reflux”. The treatment for this is controversial, but my approach is to treat these veins with ultrasound guided foam sclerotherapy unless there are symptoms of pelvic pain, bladder irritation or pain during intercourse. So far, … Continue reading »